Epictetus for the Day

Epictetus (pronounced Epic-TEE-tus) (ca. 55-135 C.E.) was an exponent of Stoicism who flourished in the early second century C.E. about four hundred years after the Stoic school of Zeno of Citium was established in Athens. He lived and worked, first as a student in Rome, and then as a teacher with his own school in Nicopolis in Greece. Our knowledge of his philosophy and his method as a teacher comes to us via two works composed by his student Arrian, the Discourses and the Handbook (Enchiridion). Although Epictetus based his teaching on the works of the early Stoics (none of which survives) which dealt with the three branches of Stoic thought, logic, physics and ethics, the Discourses and the Handbook concentrate almost exclusively on ethics. The role of the Stoic teacher was to encourage his students to live the philosophic life, whose end was eudaimonia ('happiness' or 'flourishing'), to be secured by living the life of reason, which for Stoics meant living virtuously and living 'according to nature'. (Source:  The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Initial material for this site was obtained from available public-domain translations of The Discourses and the Enchiridion.

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